Придаточные предложения времени и условия. Adverbial Clauses of Time and Condition

Adverbial Clauses of Time and Condition

В обстоятельственных придаточных предложениях времени и условия которые вводятся союзами if если, unless если … не, provided that при условии если, when когда, until, till до тех пор, пока не, as soon as как только, as long as пока, before прежде чем и т.д. будущее время не употребляется: the Future Simple (Indefinite) Tense заменяется на thePresent Simple (Indefinite) Tense, the Future Continuous (Progressive) Tense – the Present Continuous (Progressive) Tense, the Future Perfect Tense – the Present Perfect Tense, the Future Perfect Continuous (Progressive) Tense – the Present Perfect Continuous (Progressive) Tense.

When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Когда ты придешь сегодня вечером, мы пойдем поужинать.
While he is having his breakfast, I shall be reading the newspaper. B то время как он будет завтракать, я буду читать газету.
When he has finished his work, he’ll go for a walk. Когда он закончит работу, он пойдет погулять.
I’ll go to Petersburg after I have been staying here for a week or two. Я поеду в Петербург, после того, как проживу здесь неделю или две.

EXERCISES

Exercise 1. Combine the pairs of sentences using the words in brackets. Use the Present Simple, the Present Continuous or the Present Perfect.
Model: I’ll pay you back. I’ll get some money. (as soon as)
– I’ll pay you back as soon as I get some money

1. We will go to the shop. We will be walking the dog. (while)
2. I’ll tell you all the news. I’ll see you. (when)
3. I’ll have finished my lesson by noon. I’ll come round. (after)
4. I’ll get in touch. I’ll get back. (as soon as)
5. They will have repaired our car by the weekend. And we will go for a trip. (as soon as)
6. We are going to cut the grass. You’ll pick the apples. (while)
7. I want to speak to you. You’re going out. (before)
8. You’ll tidy up the house. And I’ll do the shopping. (while)
9. All the passengers will get on board. The bus won’t live. (until)
10. I’ll travel in Europe next year. I’m going to save money by staying in youth hotels. (while)

Exercise 2. Rewrite the sentences so that they mean the same.
Model: They should study hard, or they won’t pass the test.
– If they study hard, they’ll pass the test.

1. You shouldn’t speak to teachers like that or you will get into trouble.
2. You should go to the training tonight or you won’t play on Sunday.
3. He should go to bed early tonight or he will feel tired tomorrow.
4. She should get good results or she will not find a job.
5. We should go nor or we’ll be late for the start of the show.
6. You should hand in your work on time or you will lose points.
7. You should wear a coat or you will catch a cold.
8. You should apologise or she will never forgive you.

Exercise 3. Find the mistakes and correct them.
1. If I’ll find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.
2. I won’t tell the student the answer until he have been working on the math problem for more than an hour.
3. While I’m driven to work tomorrow, I’m going to listen to the tape.
4. It be several years before we have sent a manned mission to Mars.
5. After her sister will prepare dinner, they will invite their neighbours.
6. You didn’t get a promotion until you have been working here as long as Peter.
7. If I has enough time tonight, I will help you.
8. While Peter will be sleeping, they will be playing with their Play station.
9. After the clerk decoded the telegrams, he will take them to the chief.
10. John will move to London whenhe will be finding a good job.

Exercise 4. A. Mark is speaking about his plans for the future. Read the paragraph below and supply the correct forms of the verbs given in brackets.

What I expect to happen in the next 10 years of my life is as follows. After I 1.____ (graduate) from this university, I think, I 2.____(take) a long holiday and travel in Europe. When I 3.____ (start) work, I 4.____ (not/have) much time for myself. Therefore, I 5.____ (want) to see Europe before I 6.____ (start) work. I 7.____(go) to England, France, Spain and Italy. If you 8.____ (take) a Eurorail ticket, you can travel inexpensively. So I 9.____(not/have to/spend) too much for my travel expenses. After I 10.____ (come) back home, I 11.____(start) looking for a job. I 12.____(accept) a job that fits my life style expectations. I 13.____ (not/want) to work long hours.

B. Now, write your own story about what you are going to do in the next 10 years.
Exercise 5. Work in pairs. Discuss your plans for the future with your friend.

Сравнение будущих времен


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